中国对美国疫苗研发构成威胁?福奇:并没有

中国对美国疫苗研发构成威胁?福奇:并没有

当地时间31日,美国国家过敏症与传染病研究所所长安东尼·福奇等人出席了美国国会众议院一场有关肺炎疫情的听证会。

在这场听证会上,又有美国政客拿美方所谓“中国窃取美国疫苗研发成果”说事儿。

“中国不是威胁”

据外媒报道,议员杰姬·瓦洛斯基在会上问福奇:“中国是否对美国疫苗研发构成威胁?”对此,福奇回答:“不”(No)。

福奇表示,如今全球疫苗研发都是透明的,如果黑客想入侵电脑获取疫苗实验结果,他们也只能找到将会在《新英格兰医学》杂志上公布的实验结果。

U.S. top infectious disease expert Anthony Fauci and other members of the White House coronavirus task force testified Friday at a coronavirus crisis hearing in Capitol Hill.

According to western media, during the hearing, Fauci was asked whether China was a threat to COVID-19 vaccine development by Rep. Jackie Walorski.

All of the vaccine development was already transparent, Fauci said, so “if they want to hack into a computer and find out what the results of a vaccine trial are,” hackers would find results that would show up in the New England Journal of Medicine anyway.

中国对美国疫苗研发构成威胁?福奇:并没有

7月21日,美国司法部起诉两名中国公民,声称其“在全球范围进行大规模黑客行动”,以窃取知识产权和机密的商业信息,其中还包括新冠病毒的相关研究,包括疫苗、检测等数据。但美联社报道称,起诉书并未指控他们是否实际窃取了新冠病毒相关研究。

On July 21, the U.S. Justice Department announced criminal charges against two Chinese hackers for stealing hundreds of millions of U.S. dollars in intellectual property and trade secrets from companies across the world. According to Associated Press, the indictment does not accuse the two Chinese defendants of anything related to coronavirus research.

中国对美国疫苗研发构成威胁?福奇:并没有

就在昨天(7月31日)中国外交部例行记者会上,也有记者提到了两名中国公民在美国被起诉一事。

外交部发言人汪文斌回应称:

“……我们也多次说过,在新冠肺炎疫苗自主研发方面,中国处于世界领先地位,根本不存在、也不需要靠偷窃来取得领先地位。倒是我们更担心个别窃密成性的国家利用黑客来窃取中方的技术。”

China has consistently denied any role in hacking, said Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin at a press briefing on Friday.

Wang made the remarks after Reuters cited an anonymous U.S. security official that claimed Chinese hackers tried to steal valuable information from U.S. coronavirus vaccine research developer Moderna.

“As we’ve repeatedly said, China is leading the world in COVID-19 vaccine research and development. We don’t need to get ahead by theft and we have never done that. On the contrary, we are worried about a certain thieving country stealing our technology by hacking.”

“对疫苗今年底问世谨慎乐观”

中国对美国疫苗研发构成威胁?福奇:并没有

关于疫苗,福奇在当天的听证会上还表示,对今年秋末冬初美国新冠疫苗问世持“谨慎乐观”态度:

“希望等到深秋和初冬时,我们能真正拥有一种安全有效的疫苗。虽然在试验之前谁也无法保证疫苗的安全性或有效性,但我们对疫苗研发成功持谨慎乐观态度。”

Additionally, Fauci mentioned that he is “cautiously optimistic” that the U.S. could have a coronavirus vaccine in the late fall or early winter this year.

Fauci said, “We hope that by the time we get into late fall and early winter, we will have in fact a vaccine that we can say that would be safe and effective. One can never guarantee the safety or effectiveness unless you do the trial, but we are cautiously optimistic this will be successful.”

“美国防控疫情比欧洲差很多”

中国对美国疫苗研发构成威胁?福奇:并没有

在会上,福奇还被问及为何欧洲能控制住疫情,而美国每天的新增病例仍在增长。

During the hearing, Fauci was also asked why Europe has been able to largely contain the virus while the U.S. has seen a rise in new cases.

Fauci said it was a complex question, but described some of the contributing factors. He first pointed out that many European countries locked down more wholly than the U.S.

对此,他回应称,这是个综合问题,美国防控疫情比欧洲国家差很多:

If you look at what happened in Europe, when they shut down or locked down or went to shelter in place — however you want to describe it — they really did it to the tune of about 95 percent-plus of the country did that.

如果你看看现在在欧洲发生了什么,他们采取了“封锁”或隔离措施,欧洲国家大约95%以上的地区都执行到位了。

However, when you actually look at what we did, even though we shut down, even though it created a great deal of difficulty, we really functionally shut down only about 50 percent in the sense of the totality of the country.

反过来再看看我们(美国),尽管我们也采取了“封锁”措施,尽管造成了很大困难,但我们国家真正有效执行这些措施的地区只有50%。

“美国疫情已经失控”

中国对美国疫苗研发构成威胁?福奇:并没有

据约翰斯·霍普金斯大学统计的实时数据,目前美国新冠确诊病例已超过456万例,死亡病例逾15.3万。美国疾控中心当天发布最新预测,称到8月22日,美国死于新冠的人数将达到17.3万。

面对美国国内严峻的疫情形势,多名与会人员指责美国政府抗疫不力。

众议院新冠病毒危机小组委员会主席詹姆斯·克莱伯恩在听证会上称,美国疫情已经“失控”:“遗憾的是,疫情在美国暴发六个月后,联邦政府仍然没有制定出一个可以保护人民健康的国家战略。”

美国疾控中心主任罗伯特·雷德菲尔德称,白宫绕过疾控中心,直接向美国卫生部上报住院数据,这一决定他本人事先并不知晓。

U.S. Congressman James Clyburn said the coronavirus is “raging out of control,” while Trump sidelines the country’s public health and science experts.

“Regrettably, nearly six months after this virus claimed its first American life, the federal government has still not yet developed and implemented a national strategy to protect the American people,” he said.

U.S. CDC Director Dr. Robert Redfield said he didn’t learn about the White House’s decision to bypass the CDC and report coronavirus hospitalization data directly to the Department of Health and Human Services.